Lyme Disease Overview

Our friends at the Tic-Borne Disease Alliance ( provide the following overview on Lyme Disease better than most!  Visit their website for more information and to locate a Lyme Literate Medical Doctor (LLMD).

One tick bite may transmit over a dozen tick-borne diseases including Lyme disease. Many people do not know how widespread the tick-borne disease epidemic is and the high odds that someone they know may be affected. Please take a few moments to read the following facts that demonstrate the seriousness of tick-borne diseases and how they can be prevented.

It is unclear how many cases of tick-borne diseases are properly diagnosed or reported each year. Estimates indicate that only one out of every ten cases of Lyme disease is reported and that many people are misdiagnosed. State health departments reported 22,561 confirmed cases and 7,597 probable cases to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2010. The actual number of new annual cases is believed to be much higher than the number reported, partially because reporting criteria varies state to state. The number of cases reported annually has increased nearly 25-fold since national surveillance began in 1982.

Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases may be difficult to diagnose because their symptoms mimic those of other disorders. In addition, the only distinctive hallmark unique to Lyme disease, the “bulls eye” rash, is absent in almost half of the people who become infected. The inadequacies of today’s laboratory tests make proper diagnosis difficult, and it can be extremely troublesome to treat tick-borne disease infections in their later phases.

Tick-borne diseases including Lyme can attack virtually any system in the body. Some of the first symptoms may include a flu-like condition, with fever, chills, headache, stiff neck, achiness, and fatigue. Other symptoms can include pain in various joints and muscles, neurological problems, heart involvement, problems with vision or hearing, migraines, low-grade fever or other symptoms. Lyme disease is often mistaken for other illnesses since the symptoms often mirror other medical problems, such as multiple sclerosis, arthritis, chronic fatigue syndrome, lupus or Alzheimer’s disease. In some cases, Lyme disease patients can become paralyzed and/or comatose. Lyme and other tick-borne disease symptoms may come and go and be replaced by new symptoms. Symptoms may be subtle or pronounced.

Lyme disease is a bacterial spirochete (organism) transmitted by ticks. The name of the particular bacteria is Borrelia burgdorferi. Other diseases are also transmitted by ticks and are caused by infections with a variety of pathogens, including bacteria, viruses and protozoa.

Selection of Proper Physicians
When a patient with possible Lyme-disease symptoms does not develop the distinctive rash, a physician must rely on a detailed medical history and a careful physical examination for essential clues to diagnosis, with laboratory tests playing a supportive role.

The inadequacies of the current diagnostic tests and many physicians’ lack of experience with tick-borne diseases and in interpreting results often prevent a correct diagnosis. In the first few weeks following infection, antibody tests are not reliable because a patient’s immune system may not produce enough antibodies to be detected. Antibiotics given to a patient early during infection may prevent antibodies from reaching detectable levels, even though the Lyme-disease bacterium is the cause of the patient’s symptoms.

If you are interested in finding a medical practitioner in your area with experience treating tick-borne diseases, please e-mail the volunteers at:

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